CNY Orthopedic Sports Medicine, PC: Injury: Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)

Injuries and Conditions: Elbow: Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)

Overview
Golfer's elbow is a painful condition of and near the bony bump of the inner elbow (the medial epicondyle), in contrast to tennis elbow which is a similar condition affecting the lateral epicondyle (the outside bump) of the elbow.
  • Golfer's elbow is an inflammation of the attachment of the muscles and tendons of the forearms on the inside of the elbow. This area can become very swollen and tender to the touch.
  • The injury is most commonly caused by overuse of the flexor muscles of the forearm that allows the palm of the hand to bend toward the forearm. Golfer's elbow can also be caused by a direct injury.
  • In rare cases, the inflammation may have no apparent cause and may be attributed to arthritis, rheumatism, or gout.
  • Treatment includes anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID's), physical therapy, including heat and ultrasound, and steroids may be injected into the elbow region.


  • Signs and Symptoms
  • Pain and tenderness on the inside of the elbow.
  • Pain during movement of the hand and wrist, particularly when graspng or holding objects.
  • The inside of the elbow is tender to the touch.
  • A direct injury to the inner elbow.


     
  • Contact the Doctor if ...
  • The patient has persistent signs and symptoms of golfer's elbow that do not respond to rest and medication.
  • The patient experiences unexplained symptoms, other types of pain, or unexpected side effects from medication.


  • Common Causes of Injury
  • Overuse or prolonged participation in an activity, that places excessive strain on the elbow region.
  • Direct injury to the elbow, or muscles attaching to the inner elbow.
  • Arthritis, rheumatic conditions, or gout may contribute to the condition.

  • Expectations of Recovery
  • A full recovery after a period of rest and rehabilitation is expected.
  • Considerable time - weeks and sometimes months - is necessary to properly rehabilitate the elbow because ordinary activities, like turning on a car's ignition, carrying a briefcase, or typing, can aggravate the symptoms.
  • If the injury is sports' related, consulting a teaching pro can assist in correcting poor techniques that may contribute to the injury or re-injury. Correct form and the use of proper equipment may prevent reinjury.

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    Anatomy
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